Best Practices
March 7, 2023
min read

On-The-Job Training (OTJ): Definition and Concept

Olaf Jacobson
Founder & Business Development, Soon

On-the-job training, also known as OTJ, is a type of training where an employee learns the necessary skills, knowledge, and abilities required for their job while performing their actual job duties. This type of training is often considered one of the most effective methods for training employees, as it allows them to learn in a real-world environment and apply their new skills immediately.

Importance of On-The-Job Training

On-the-job training is crucial in ensuring that employees are equipped with the necessary skills and knowledge to perform their job duties efficiently and effectively. With the increasing complexity of modern workplaces, it is essential to invest in training programs for careers to ensure that employees are up-to-date with the latest technologies and trends.

Advantages of On-The-Job Training

On-the-job training has several advantages over other types of training, including:

  1. Cost-effective: On-the-job training is usually less expensive than traditional training methods such as workshops or seminars.
  2. Customizable: On-the-job training can be customized to meet the specific needs of the organization and the employee.
  3. Practical: On-the-job training allows employees to apply their newly acquired skills and knowledge immediately, which enhances their learning experience.
  4. Efficient: On-the-job training is an efficient method of training, as it allows employees to learn while working, reducing the amount of time they spend away from their job duties.

How to Implement On-The-Job Training

Implementing on-the-job training requires careful planning and execution to ensure that it is effective. Here are some steps that organizations can follow to implement on-the-job training:

  1. Assess the employee's skills: Before starting the training program, assess the employee's current skills and knowledge to identify areas where they need improvement.
  2. Set clear goals and objectives: Set clear goals and objectives for the training program, outlining what the employee should be able to accomplish after completing the training.
  3. Provide feedback: Provide regular feedback to the employee throughout the training program to ensure that they are progressing and meeting the set goals and objectives.
  4. Monitor progress: Monitor the employee's progress throughout the training program to ensure that they are meeting the set goals and objectives.
  5. Evaluate the effectiveness of the training: After completing the training program, evaluate its effectiveness to identify areas for improvement and make changes as necessary.


On-the-job training is an effective method of training employees that can help organizations to improve productivity, reduce costs, and enhance employee satisfaction. By following the steps outlined above, organizations can implement on-the-job training programs that are customized to meet their specific needs and goals.

Further reading

  1. "The Benefits of On-the-Job Training" by Indeed: This article explains the advantages of on-the-job training for both employees and employers and provides tips for implementing an effective training program. []
  2. "On-the-Job Training: Definition, Advantages, and Disadvantages" by Corporate Finance Institute: This article provides a comprehensive overview of on-the-job training, including its definition, advantages, and disadvantages. []
  3. "The Pros and Cons of On-the-Job Training" by SHRM: This article discusses the benefits and drawbacks of on-the-job training and offers guidance for organizations looking to implement an effective training program. []

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