Editorial
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March 5, 2024
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7
min read

10 Best Programming Languages For Web Development

Harikrishna Kundariya
Guest Author - Co-founder, Director, & Marketer of eSparkBiz Technologies

Introduction

Gone were the times when flat, static websites were in existence. Now, it is substituted by dynamic websites that analyze the user's needs and create automatic updates and menus to get the users hooked on the websites. 

The 10 programming languages mentioned below deliver anything that your client can ever desire. 

Best Programming Languages:

The staggering rise of web developers, the need for responsive websites, and the continued use of business apps strengthen the belief that the field of web development is expediting, and investing in it would bring tons of changes to your career. 

If you are a web developer who wants to stay abreast and keep thriving in these changing dynamics, here are some of the best programming languages you should learn to count yourself among the big wheels of the industry.

1. Python

Python is used by several companies worldwide. Its major clients like Google, Apple, and Netflix, hold a significant market share of 28% in the realm of programming languages. 

Its popularity has increased in the last five years because:

  • it has multiple functionalities to help create a custom web application.
  • the language is easy to learn, and the syntax is simple and intuitive.
  • it has extensive frameworks that are prerequisites for building high-quality applications.
  • it makes the whole process of website building a breeze.

Python is used in the Internet of Things, serverless computing, and business applications.

2. PHP

PHP is one of the oldest programming languages, empowered with multiple features to make the creation of a small blogging website or e-commerce platform a piece of cake. 

If statistics are to be believed, PHP is used by 76.5% of websites and is eight times more popular than ASP.NET and other rival programming languages. 

Its share has remained undisturbed because:

  • it offers a lot of frameworks that can help you create simple scripts for complex applications.
  • it has a simple interface that does not require much typing, memory management, or compilation.
  • the language is compatible with Windows, Linux, Mac, and UNIX platforms.
  • its unique functionality of handling large amounts of data without compromising security makes it popular among the masses.

The language is used to build CMS systems and develop standalone and server-side apps.

3. JAVA

Despite so much condemnation by the developers, Java stands in 4th place in the TIOBE Index. This language is the most chosen one for enterprise solutions.

  • it is a well-balanced language, a jack of all trades. Web developers can use it for several projects because of its rich ecosystem of libraries, making the task of web developers easy.
  • it has an active developer community that assists with their problems.
  • codes written in the Java language can be used across multiple platforms.
  • since it is an established language, they have already overcome the teething problems that deter the use of the language.

It is used in big data applications, the creation of Android, and the development of enterprise apps.

4. C#

The budding friendly language has already positioned itself in Python, according to the TIOBE Index. Its trajectory is continuously growing because it is a free, open-source language, accommodating the needs of many web developers. 

Other reasons that helped the language maintain its essentiality are.

  • it can work on shared codebases.
  • it's integrated with the .NET library to track items easily.
  • faster compilation process.

The language finds relevance in games, app development, server-side programming, window platform software, and web development.

5. C

It is a middle-level programming language developed in 1970 by an American developer. The objective behind the language creation was to redesign the UNIX operating system. 

However, its drawbacks, like the lack of a garbage collector, not supporting object-oriented programming, and limited resources, created an itch among the developers.

But amidst the chaos, the multiple merits of this language made it popular among web developers.

  • It has the cumulative features of both high-level and low-level languages. It can support high-level functions like scripting software applications and low-level programming like drivers.
  • This programming language can be disintegrated into simpler programs that help to move data freely.
  • It is a language-sensitive programming language that treats small-case and upper-case letters differently.

The language is used to create databases, kernels, drivers, operating systems, etc.

6. Javascript

The groundbreaking, transformative programming language gives you superlative benefits. In recent years, this multi-paradigm language has started finding relevance anywhere and everywhere, like in the cloud, mobile devices, browsers, servers, etc. 

Since it is an interpreted language, it reduces the time needed for code compilation, speeding up the execution.

Here are some more merits of the language:

  • The language runs on the client side, so the server does not have to deal with the pressure of executing JavaScript.
  • It has a rich interface that provides a robust experience for users.
  • You can easily integrate several languages, like Node.js, MongoDB, and MySQL.

7. React JS

React JS, not a programming language but a JavaScript library, is designed for building user interfaces, offering fast, scalable, and simple solutions. Preferred by both startups and Fortune 500 companies, it provides an efficient and flexible way to develop web, mobile, and desktop applications without the complexities of a full-fledged programming language.

  • Web developers can develop several features without rewriting the code multiple times.
  • The component-based approach with automatic rendering makes the language simple.
  • The language is SEO-friendly, hence preferred by many professionals.
  • It has many pre-built patterns and functions that can gel together to create fast, appealing, and scalable projects in less time than designing the applications. This makes it a great option if you're looking to hire reactjs developer for a variety of projects.
  • This domain-specific language only requires basic knowledge of HTML and CSS.

8. HTML

Famous for the creation of custom-designed websites, HTML is a language that helps you build dynamic and engaging websites. The language is easy to learn and has straightforward syntax. Plus, it has an active community to pursue. 

Other benefits that protrude from this language are:

  • with it, you can easily structure the layout of different web pages.
  • it can be integrated with other technologies, like JavaScript and PHP, for creating dynamic and interactive web applications.

9. VueJS

VueJS, distinctively not a programming language, is a progressive JavaScript framework developed by a creative technologist at Google. Utilizing a single-file component-based architecture that combines HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, VueJS simplifies the development and testing process, making it a powerful tool for building user interfaces without the overhead of traditional programming languages.

Along with the above-mentioned facilities, Vue.JS is:

  • is a feather-weighted language that takes no time to download.
  • even amateur coders can make the most of this language.
  • it has a library of tools that promote its overall functionality.
  • it can easily integrate with multiple frameworks to make customised sites.

It is used to create a web interface for a one-page application.

10. Laravel

Laravel, which is not a programming language but a robust, open-source PHP framework, enhances web application development with its expressive syntax and efficient workflow. It supports a broad spectrum of web applications by providing a structured and streamlined approach to development, distinguishing itself from conventional programming languages through its focus on simplicity and productivity.

Additionally,

  • it comes with multiple backends and cache and session storage.
  • it simplifies URL management.

The framework is used in the creation of present-day dynamic websites.

Conclusion

Today, web development has become highly useful, interactive, and, parallelly, more complex. Hence, there is a need for dynamic, engaging, and appealing websites that serve as communication tools. Part of the credit goes to the languages that make it easy to create robust. The article looks at these languages that decipher the complex codes into translative, user-friendly interfaces.

About the Author

Harikrishna Kundariya is the Co-founder, Director, & Marketer of eSparkBiz Technologies – an excellent Software Development Company. Also, a notable IoT, ChatBot & Blockchain-savvy Developer. His 12+ years of profound experience enables him to create Digital Innovations for Startups & large Enterprises alike based on futuristic technologies like IoT, Artificial Intelligence, DevOps, and ChatBot. Adopting a modern yet extremely flexible leadership approach, he believes in building businesses & lasting bonds with his clients in the process.

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